23 Feb 2006

Bahasa-Bahasa Di Dunia

Senarai negara di seluruh dunia serta bahasa yang digunakan mereka. Senarai menunjukkan dialek, bahasa rasmi, peratus penduduk yang menggunakannya dan lain-lain lagi.

[Here are a list of countries around the world along with their language. The list show those that are dialect, official, what percentage of a population speak a certain language within that country and so on...]
  • Afghanistan - Pashtu, Dari Persian, other Turkic and minor languages
  • Albania - Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
  • Algeria - Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
  • Andorra - Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
  • Angola - Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
  • Antigua and Barbuda - English (official), local dialects
  • Argentina - Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
  • Armenia - Armenian 96%, Russian 2%, other 2%
  • Australia - English, native languages
  • Austria - German 98% (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region)
  • Azerbaijan - Azerbaijani Turkic 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
  • Bahamas - English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
  • Bahrain - Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
  • Bangladesh - Bangla (official), English
  • Barbados - English
  • Belarus - Belorussian (White Russian), Russian, other
  • Belgium - Dutch (Flemish) 60%, French 40%, German less than 1% (all official); legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
  • Belize - English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
  • Benin - French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages
  • Bhutan - Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)
  • Bolivia - Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian (all official)
  • Botswana - English (official), Setswana
  • Brazil - Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
  • Brunei Darussalam - Malay (official), English, Chinese
  • Bulgaria - Bulgarian; secondary languages strongly correspond to ethnic breakdown
  • Burkina Faso - French (official); native African (Sudanic) languages 90%
  • Burundi - Kirundi and French (official), Swahili
  • Cambodia - Khmer (official), French, English
  • Cameroon - French, English (both official); 24 major African language groups
  • Canada - English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5%
  • Cape Verde - Portuguese, Criuolo
  • Central African Republic - French (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages
  • Chad - French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects
  • Chile - Spanish
  • China - Standard Chinese (Mandarin/Putonghua), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages
  • Colombia - Spanish
  • Comoros - Arabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend)
  • Congo, Republic of - French (official), Lingala, Monokutuba, Kikongo, many local languages and dialects
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of - the French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
  • Costa Rica - Spanish (official), English
  • Côte d'Ivoire - French (official) and African languages (Diaula esp.)
  • Croatia - Croatian 96% (official), other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, German)
  • Cuba - Spanish
  • Cyprus - Greek, Turkish (both official); English
  • Czech Republic - Czech
  • Denmark - Danish, Faeroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second language
  • Djibouti - French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar
  • Dominica - English (official) and French patois
  • Dominican Republic - Spanish
  • East Timor - Tetum, Portuguese (official); Bahasa Indonesia, English; other indigenous languages, including Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak
  • Ecuador - Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages
  • Egypt - Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
  • El Salvador - Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
  • Equatorial Guinea - Spanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
  • Eritrea - Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
  • Estonia - Estonian (official), Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish, other
  • Ethiopia - Amharic (official), Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others
  • Fiji - English (official), Fijian, Hindustani
  • Finland - Finnish 93.4%, Swedish 5.9% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities
  • France - French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
  • Gabon - French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
  • Gambia, The - English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous
  • Georgia - Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)
  • Germany - German
  • Ghana - English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
  • Greece - Greek 99% (official), English, French
  • Grenada - English (official), French patois
  • Guatemala - Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
  • Guinea - French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani)
  • Guinea-Bissau - Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages
  • Guyana - English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
  • Haiti - Creole and French (both official)
  • Honduras - Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business
  • Hungary - Magyar (Hungarian), 98.2%; other, 1.8%
  • Iceland - Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
  • India - Hindi (official), English (official), Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all recognized by the constitution). Dialects, 1,600+
  • Indonesia - Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects
  • Iran - Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
  • Iraq - Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
  • Ireland - English, Irish (Gaelic)
  • Israel - Hebrew (official), Arabic, English
  • Italy - Italian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities
  • Jamaica - English, Jamaican Creole
  • Japan - Japanese
  • Jordan - Arabic (official), English
  • Kazakhstan - Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)
  • Kenya - English (official), Swahili (national), and several other languages spoken by 25 ethnic groups
  • Kiribati - English (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)
  • Korea, North - Korean
  • Korea, South - Korean, English widely taught
  • Kuwait - Arabic (official), English
  • Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyz, Russian (both official)
  • Laos - Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
  • Latvia - Latvian (official), Lithuanian, Russian, other
  • Lebanon - Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
  • Lesotho - English, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa
  • Liberia - English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic-group languages
  • Libya - Arabic, Italian and English widely understood in major cities
  • Liechtenstein - German (official), Alemannic dialect
  • Lithuania - Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian
  • Luxembourg - Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)
  • Macedonia - Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25% (both official); Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 2%, other 2%
  • Madagascar - Malagasy and French (both official)
  • Malawi English and Chichewa (both official), others important regionally
  • Malaysia - Bahasa Melayu (Malay, official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; several indigenous languages (including Iban, Kadazan) in East Malaysia
  • Maldives - Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials
  • Mali - French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
  • Malta - Maltese and English (both official)
  • Marshall Islands - Marshallese (two major dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family), English (both official); Japanese
  • Mauritania Hassaniya - Arabic, Wolof (both official); Pulaar, Soninke, French
  • Mauritius - English, French (both official); Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori
  • Mexico - Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
  • Micronesia - English (official, common), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
  • Moldova - Moldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
  • Monaco - French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque
  • Mongolia - Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999)
  • Morocco - Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy
  • Mozambique - Portuguese (official), Bantu languages
  • Myanmar - Burmese, minority languages
  • Namibia - English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
  • Nauru - Nauruan (official), English
  • Nepal - Nepali 90% (official), over 40 other languages and major dialects, English (1995)
  • The Netherlands - Dutch, Frisian (both official)
  • New Zealand - English, Maori (both official)
  • Nicaragua - Spanish (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
  • Niger - French (official), Hausa, Djerma
  • Nigeria - English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and more than 200 others
  • Norway - Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
  • Oman - Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
  • Pakistan - Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English, Burushaski, and others 8%
  • Palau - English (official everywhere); Palau (official in all states but those following); Sonsoralese (official in Sonsoral); Tobi (official in Tobi); Angaur and Japanese (official in Angaur)
  • Palestinian State (proposed) - Arabic, Hebrew, English
  • Panama Spanish (official), - English 14%, many bilingual
  • Papua New Guinea - Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1–2%; 715 indigenous languages
  • Paraguay - Spanish, Guaraní (both official)
  • Peru - Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages
  • The Philippines - Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
  • Poland - Polish
  • Portugal - Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
  • Qatar - Arabic (official); English a common second language
  • Romania - Romanian (official), Hungarian, German
  • Russia - Russian, others
  • Rwanda - Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers
  • St. Kitts and Nevis - English
  • St. Lucia - English (official), French patois
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines - English, French patois
  • Samoa - Samoan, English
  • San Marino - Italian
  • São Tomé and Príncipe - Portuguese (official)
  • Saudi Arabia - Arabic
  • Senegal - French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
  • Serbia and Montenegro - Serbian (official) 95%, Albanian 5%
  • Seychelles - Seselwa Creole, English, French (all official)
  • Sierra Leone - English (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca)
  • Singapore - Malay (national), Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, English (all official)
  • Slovakia - Slovak (official), Hungarian
  • Slovenia - Slovenian 92%, Serbo-Croatian 6.2%, other 1.8%
  • Solomon Islands - English 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages
  • Somalia - Somali (official), Arabic, English, Italian
  • South Africa - Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu (all 11 official)
  • Spain - Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)
  • Sri Lanka - Sinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10%
  • Sudan - Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
  • Suriname - Dutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese
  • Swaziland - English, siSwati (both official)
  • Sweden - Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
  • Switzerland - German 63.7%, French 12.9%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6% (all official); other 8.9%
  • Syria - Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood
  • Taiwan - Chinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
  • Tajikistan - Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
  • Tanzania - Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages
  • Thailand - Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
  • Togo - French (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Cotocoli (north); and many dialects
  • Tonga - Tongan (an Austronesian language), English
  • Trinidad and Tobago - English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
  • Tunisia - Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce)
  • Turkey - Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek
  • Turkmenistan - Turkmen 72%; Russian 12%; Uzbek 9%, other 7%
  • Tuvalu - Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
  • Uganda - English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
  • Ukraine - Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
  • United Arab Emirates - Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
  • United Kingdom - English, Welsh, Scots Gaelic
  • United States - English, sizable Spanish-speaking minority
  • Uruguay - Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero
  • Uzbekistan - Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
  • Vanuatu - Bislama (a Melanesian pidgin English), English, French (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages
  • Vatican City (Holy See) - Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
  • Venezuela - Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
  • Vietnam - Vietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as a second language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
  • Western Sahara (proposed state) - Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
  • Yemen - Arabic
  • Zambia - English (official); major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga; about 70 other indigenous languages
  • Zimbabwe - English (official), Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), numerous minor tribal dialects

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